A Coruña is a city and province of Galicia, Spain. A Coruña is a historical port town located in the northwest coast of the Iberian Peninsula, around the border between the Costa da Morte (Coast of Death) and the Rias Altas (Upper Rias). Its city centre is located on a peninsula and its isthmus was at times formed only by a small strip of sand, thus showing us 2 different coastal sceneries: the port and the open sea.
The municipality of A Coruña has 244,810 inhabitants and it is the second-largest city within Galicia. Its population density of around 6,700 inhabitants per square kilometre makes it the highest within the autonomous community and one of the highest in Spain. (6471,32 hab/km).
The climate of A Coruña is temperate maritime, heavily moderated by the Atlantic Ocean with mild temperatures throughout the year. Since it is located on the coast, the ocean moderates the temperatures amongst the different seasons of the year. Winter is usually mild and summer is warm.
A Coruña is one of the Spain’s top tourist destinations due to its rich historic heritage. The emblem of the city is the Tower of Hercules, the oldest Roman lighthouse in use today. Since June 27th, 2009, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. There is also a castle by the sea called Castillo de San Anton (San Anton Castle). It served as a fortress in order to defend the city from the sea raids. It was built in 1587 and after the XVIII century, it became a prison. Nowadays, it holds an archaeological museum.
A Coruña also has a wide range of museums: la Casa del Hombre (Domus), the Casa de las Ciencias, the Finisterrae Aquarium, the Bellas Artes museum, the Arqueological museum, the Museum of Modern Art, the Military museum of A Coruña, María Pita’s house museum , Picasso’s House museum, the electricity museum, or the Museo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología de España.
The two main beaches are Riazor and Orzan. They are both situated in the heart of the city and bordered by the promenade. This promenade was until 2014 the longest one in Europe, with almost 16km all around the city. This location makes these beaches a major attraction for tourists, but it is also a frequent meeting point for many surfers. Besides, the city has other beaches such as Matadero, Las Lapas, San Amaro or Oza. All of them awarded the EEC blue flag for the quality and purity of their sea.